A brief explanation of how BestLine superior lubricants work
The success of conventional lubricating oils is predicated upon maintaining a high film strength oil barrier between two surfaces moving relative to each other. Resistance to the movement of these surfaces is defined as friction, which can be either sliding or rolling, or which can be caused by the shearing action of a lubricant attempting to separate the two surfaces. Hydrodynamic, hydrostatic, and boundary lubrication typically occur in some combination in virtually all mechanisms which require lubrication, and most commercial lubricants are reasonably capable of doing the job for which they are intended. BestLine is a new synthetic lubricant formulated with the benefit of the blending of Group III (Hydro-treated base oil which is 99.9% pure) and Group IV (PAOs), which takes normal lubrication a step further, in that it not only has a superior film strength but also appears to impregnate the steel itself at its friction surfaces, metallurgically.
The majority of lubricants are mineral (paraffin, napthene, asphalt), synthetic (esters, polymers), solids (graphite, molybdenum disulfide, Teflon®), or greases (oils with various organic thickeners such as clay, soap or stearates) Several additives are available for these products, which serve as corrosion inhibitors, rust inhibitors, etc... Modern engine oils, for example, usually contain 8 to 10 different additives, accounting for 15 to 25% of the volume in a container of oil, the balance being refined petroleum or synthetic oil blend several products are available which rely solely upon solid particle additives such as (graphite, moly, Teflon®) in an effort to add extreme pressure capability to the lubricant BestLine lubricants are based on a patented formula and perform without the negatives associated and without the aid of graphite or moly. BestLine products blend easily with mineral and synthetic based lubricants. To maximize performance and protection, a blend of 15% BestLine Lubricant should be used. To maintain the performance and protection, a 10% blend thereafter with each fluid change is required.
Bestline lubrication mechanism
Abstract from SINTEF LABORATORIES, VOL. l and ll, “Testing of BestLine Products and Lubricants”, Report No. STF 18F87006
Energy that goes into friction is converted directly to heat. This heat originates from billions of collisions of microscopic protruding peaks of metal (“asperities”) on the surfaces of the moving parts, caused when these asperities penetrate the oil film. With ordinary oil, these asperities impact each other and immediately break off, creating “wear metals” that are often visible in used oil. BestLine, by contrast, apparently due to its superior film strength and its ability to modify the surfaces of the asperities thermally, causes most of these impacted asperities to bend or fold over by internal yield-type flow of the metal in the direction of impact, without breaking off. They also tend to flatten out, mostly into their normal plane of shear, which is usually cylindrical or flat. This flattening of the asperities greatly increases the total area of potential contact between the two surfaces, thus providing more surface area over which to distribute the load. This appears to be at least one of the mechanisms, which result in greater load carrying capacity, longer wear, or both. In addition, when these impact collisions occur, even though they are microscopic, their molecular and crystal pattern arrangements are suddenly and forcibly deformed at relatively high velocities. This sudden flow creates a tremendous amount of microscopically localized heat that is instantaneously generated within the lattice or crystalline structure of the steel. When this heat momentarily reaches 1400 to 1800 degrees Fahrenheit, the normal crystal pattern immediately expands thermally into an austenitic crystal pattern, which is then so loosely structured that it allows any number of possible favored elements in the BestLine synthetic oil molecule to enter freely into this new austenitic structure and to be trapped inside permanently. This entrapment apparently gives that layer of metal entirely new friction and hardness capabilities as a slightly different alloy. This entrapped product allow the mechanical components under severe load to continue to operate without the expected seizure or welding even though there is the appearance that the parts lack any form of lubrication.
Normal lubricants tend to migrate away from the area at these temperatures, and probably cannot enter the austenitic crystal pattern to change the friction and hardness properties. However, the BestLine synthetic oil molecule has a strong ionic (+) charge, which creates a tendency for it to bond to steel surfaces. It appears that this bonding is maintained at the extreme temperatures mentioned above, and some of the proprietary ingredients of BestLine are driven into the austenitic crystal pattern, by metallurgically and instantaneously dissolving them, changing the surface hardness and friction characteristics.
These changed properties are probably only crystal-pattern deep, or slightly more, because there is simply not enough time to penetrate much further. As wear takes place, the above cycle of reimpregnation apparently repeats itself into the next exposed layer of unimpregnated crystal patterns below it, which in turn automatically re-establishes the same low friction and wear characteristics of BestLine at a constant self-healing rate thereafter.
There is some evidence that there is a distinct hardening effect of the flattened and lengthened asperity tip surfaces by the sudden burnishing and polishing effect of the worn or seized surfaces. This healing of seized surfaces represents a remarkable valuable feature of this new oil. It means that incipient failures can now be slowed or stopped, allowing an extra buffer of time before ultimate failure.
If greater loading and subsequent seizure should occur, BestLine seems to automatically compensate by continuously recycling the healing impregnations. As localized wear areas enlarge, the load is distributed over the larger area, and unit stress is reduced.
The burnished effect lends to reduce the coefficient of friction as evidenced by measurement with a motor-monitoring ammeter on a test machine. The damaged area, through the healing process, is almost as usable as before seizure, and has an amazingly low frictional drag. The surface hardening effect may be due in part to the quenching effect of the much cooler steel directly under the extremely thin friction surface, and in part to the ion implantation during the austenitic phase. This hypothesis needs more study, but seems to fit the empirical data.
Conclusion: BestLine’s exclusive advantages are:
METALS HANDBOOK, VOL.l, “Properties and Selection of Metals”. American Society for Metals.
METALS HANDBOOK, VOL.ll, “Heat Treating”. American Society for Metals.
BASIC METALLURGY, VOL.-l American Society for Metals.
PHYSICAL METALLURGY FOR ENGINEERS, Clark and Varney, Van Nostrand.
SINTEF LABORATORIES, VOL. l and ll, “Testing of BestLine Products and Lubricants”,
Coors Tek Analytical Laboratory (D. R. Schmidt, Microscopist)